Transit & Mobility as a Service

Transit Critical to Meeting Mobility, Air Quality Goals

Transit is already an integral part of our region. Transit vehicles move more than 33,000 commuters to jobs every day and serve many more thousands in daily trips for goods and services. Transit is desirable for reducing congestion, which eases the need for roadway expansion projects and decreases vehicle emissions. These are critical components in this plan’s strategy for meeting mobility and air quality needs.

In addition, transit provides mobility to those people who don’t have or can afford a vehicle, are unable to drive, or simply prefer not to drive. A full-size bus filled with riders replaces about 44 automobiles, which would otherwise be on the roadway as single-occupant vehicles (SOV). It is in the region’s interest to make public transportation widely available as an alternative to SOV travel.

TANK bus

Existing Bus Service

Six major public transit systems provide bus service in the OKI region. Each of the eight OKI counties is served by at least one public transit agency. Since 2017, public bus transport in the OKI region has had an overall decrease in ridership of seven million passengers. This is a 38 percent drop in ridership between 2017 and 2021, results that mirror national trends. In their goal to provide safe and efficient service, bus transit providers face many challenges.

Funding for staff and vehicles is often the critical factor which impacts ridership. For example, in 2021, Ohio ranked 37th in the United States in state-level transit funding, despite having the 16th highest ridership among the states. Local transit agencies have taken an active role in working to reverse the trend of ridership decline. Metro passed their Reinventing Metro plan in spring 2020 and TANK launched a full system redesign in January 2021 to emphasis more frequent service in their densely populated corridors.

Butler County Regional Transit Authority

The mission of the Butler County Regional Transit Authority (BCRTA) is “To support Butler County’s quality of life and economic development through public transportation solutions.”

In 1994, Butler County Commissioners formed BCRTA. It remains the designated grantee for federal and state transportation funds within the Butler County portion of the Cincinnati Urbanized Area. The agency is governed by a nine-member Board of Trustees appointed by the Butler County Commissioners. BCRTA was formed to:

  • Provide access to health and human service programs
  • Foster the economic development and vitality of the county by providing better access to jobs, education, shopping and government services
  • Conserve energy and reduce pollution
  • Serve as broker of transportation services for various county boards and agencies to manage their transportation needs

Since 2005, BCRTA has operated countywide, public transit services in Butler County, Ohio. Without local funding support, service options and growth have relied on service contracts and critical partnerships with the City of Middletown, Miami University, and other organizations. These partnerships have enabled BCRTA to increase one-way trips from 2,720 in 2005 to 303,134 in 2021. Also, BCRTA contracted with Metro to provide service to and from Butler County Park & Rides and downtown Cincinnati. That service ended during the Covid-19 pandemic. In January 2024, BCRTA began offering a new Express Bus service, CincyLink, with four peak morning and four peak afternoon round trips. Service stop: Meijer stores in Middletown and West Chester; Uptown Cincinnati; downtown Cincinnati; and the Riverfront Transit Center. BCRTA estimates 70,000 one-way trips a year.

Further, BCRTA provides transit services that include fixed-route, complementary ADA services in the City of Oxford, Ohio; weekday commuter services connecting the urban centers of Middletown, Oxford, and Hamilton. Services will also include weekday fixed route connections to the Hamilton County’s Metro bus services; on-demand, curb-to-curb services; and shopping and group shuttle services. BCRTA fixed route service is free to ride while CincyLink commuter service will be $5 one way. The fare for BCRTA on-demand, curb-to-curb services is $5 a one-way trip and covers over 500 square miles in Butler County.

BCRTA maintains an administrative and maintenance facility in the City of Hamilton and a satellite office and bus storage area in the City of Oxford. BCRTA operates with a $10 million budget, employs approximately 100 full- and part-time people, and it maintains a fleet of 61 vehicles.
BCRTA also operates all transit services for Middletown Transit Service (MTS), through an agreement that began in January 2013.

Demand for affordable, convenient and reliable mobility options in Butler County continues to grow. BCRTA works with the Transit Alliance of Butler County. TABC is a local nonprofit that seeks new ways to meet mobility needs through corralling local resources. It also builds on getting more partnerships and collaborative efforts to increase regional access for Butler County residents and visitors to jobs, job training, medical services, and other quality of life opportunities.


In 1997, the Catch-A-Ride transit system began operations in Dearborn County, Ind., under the name Southeast Indiana Transit (SEIT). It is a public passenger transportation system provided by the Southeastern Indiana Regional Planning Commission. The system is run by LifeTime Resources, Inc., a not-for-profit agency, operates it. Catch-A-Ride runs in Dearborn, Decatur, Jefferson, Ohio, Ripley and Switzerland counties in southeast Indiana. It is available to individuals of all ages and incomes, with scheduled pickup and arrival times and is a shared ride service.

Catch-A-Ride operates a Demand Response Service, based on individual requests, which are taken on a first-come, first-served basis. This service is specifically designed to serve small towns and rural counties in the service area. Since 2017, Catch-A-Ride has experienced about 25% growth in trips. There are no specified pick-up times or locations and no structured routes, although some routes do have service area boundaries. This is an origin-to-destination service where drivers will offer a helping hand, as needed, to ensure that individuals reach their destination safely.

Clermont Transportation Connection

Clermont Transportation Connection (CTC) is the primary provider of public transportation in Clermont County. The agency was founded in 1977 as Clermont Area Rural Transit (CART) and has continued to evolve. CTC now offers two fixed routes in addition to its Dial-A-Ride services and Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (NET) services. Route 2X provides non-stop express service from the Rivertown Market Park & Ride in New Richmond to downtown Cincinnati. Route 4X provides non-stop service between Amelia and downtown Cincinnati. CTC provides five free Park & Ride lots in their service area including three along Route 4X (Amelia Express) and two for Route 2X (New Richmond Express).

The transit agency was operated by an independent board until October 1997 and then became a direct department of the Clermont County Commissioners. Until 2000, Clermont County was classified as a rural county and as such, the state provided operating funds to CTC. With the 2000 Census, Clermont County was re-categorized as an urban county which ended the State’s provision of operating funds. Funding has been a challenge for CTC since that time. Ridership has also been a challenge.

CTC operates 23 vehicles and provides intra-county Dial-A-Ride service and Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (NET) in addition to two fixed routes. Dial-A-Ride service is available from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday. Non-Emergency Medical Transportation service is available from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Saturday. Route 2X operates one AM trip in the morning (6:35 a.m. – Front Street Park & Ride, 6:45 a.m. – Rivertown Market Park & Ride) that goes to downtown Cincinnati and one trip from downtown Cincinnati in the PM at 5:15 p.m. Route 4X, with over 30 stops along SR-125 and four stops in downtown Cincinnati, offers eight trips in the morning from Clermont County to downtown Cincinnati (5:30 a.m. to 7:55 a.m.), seven trips in the evening (3:15 p.m. to 5:45 p.m.) from downtown Cincinnati to Clermont County, and two trips in the evening (4 and 4:30 p.m.) from Clermont County to downtown Cincinnati.

Standard Dial-A-Ride fares are $4.75 for adults, $3.75 for students and $2.35 for children, senior citizens and persons with disabilities. Fixed route fares are $3.75 for adults, $2.75 for students and $1.85 for children, senior citizens and persons with disabilities. CTC sells Ride Cards good for 10 rides on fixed routes at the rate of $33.00 for adults, $25.00 for students, $16.50 for children, senior citizens and persons with disabilities. NET service is free of charge for Medicaid eligible persons going to and from eligible medical appointments.

Southwest Ohio Regional Transit Authority

The largest public transit operator in the OKI region is the Southwest Ohio Regional Transit Authority (Metro). Metro’s designated service area covers Hamilton County, with portions of Butler, Clermont and Warren counties served on a contractual basis. Metro’s fixed route service, called Metro, consists of 25 local routes, 21 express services, and one limited stop service.

Metro operates a primarily radial network consisting of local and express routes focused on downtown Cincinnati. Local transit service runs on local streets and makes stops about every 800 to 1,200 feet. Express routes operate on local streets and highways with fewer stops. Metro Plus, a limited stop service with stops every half mile to one mile, operates on Montgomery Road and Vine Street between Downtown, Uptown, Norwood, and Kenwood. In the summer months Metro operates an express connection route to King’s Island Amusement Park. To better serve changing travel patterns, Metro also operates five east-west crosstown routes to directly connect non-downtown locations. In 2021 Metro provided just under 10 million rides to its customers. Metro also provides high school bus service to Cincinnati Public School high school students (grades 9-12) on schooldays.

Currently, Metro’s 366-bus fleet is accessible to persons with disabilities and feature wheelchair lifts or ramps. High-floor buses have been completely phased out of service and all Metro buses are equipped with 2 bicycle racks on the front of each bus. In addition to the lift-equipped service along its regular routes, Metro operates the Access Ride program which is a shared-ride transportation service using wheelchair-accessible vehicles. The Access Ride service area is all areas within ¾-mile of a fixed-route service as required by the ADA. The service now has a 34-vehicle fleet that provided 130,000 one-way trips in 2021, up 27 percent from the prior year.

Renovated in 2005, Metro’s primary transit center is Government Square in downtown Cincinnati. Metro also runs three transit centers at Glenway Crossing in Westwood, the Oakley Transit Center in Oakley (completed in 2018), and the Northside Transit Center in the Northside neighborhood (completed in 2020). Transit centers are also planned for North College Hill, Walnut Hills, and Uptown (Uptown Smart Hub). These centers aid with transfers between major bus routes and offer a pleasant and safe area for passengers to wait.

Metro owns or leases 21 free Park-and-Ride facilities throughout its service area, with only two within the City of Cincinnati limits. Park-and-Ride sizes range from 10 to 200 spots and are served by convenient express routes offering service to Downtown Cincinnati. Park-and-Ride lot location information can be found in Figure 3 below and is also available online at

Bus Rapid Transit

With the passage of Issue 7 in 2020, Metro established its Reinventing Metro plan to identify and develop new transit innovations to help grow the regional economy and better connect residents to jobs, education, health care, and entertainment. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), one of the bolder innovations, was a faster, limited-stop transit service that runs in its own right-of-way, thus unaffected by traffic congestion. BRT is a term applied to a variety of public transportation systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line.

Metro said its first two BRT lines will be the Hamilton Avenue and Reading Road corridors. Both lines will begin at the Riverfront Transit Center and travel along Main, Walnut, and Vine streets, Jefferson Avenue in Uptown. It will then split off with the Reading Road BRT line traveling along Reading Road to Roselawn, and the Hamilton Avenue BRT line traversing Ludlow Avenue to Hamilton Avenue with final stops at Mt. Healthy.

Each BRT line will feature dedicated bus lanes for over 50% of its route, signal prioritization that allows buses to not wait at intersections, and bus stations with shelters, seating, lighting, ticket vending machines, schedule information, and more. Frequent service on these routes will create high-capacity rapid transit spines to decrease travel times for many Metro riders. The goal of these systems is to approach the service quality of rail transit while still enjoying the cost savings and flexibility of bus transit. Figure 4 below shows the two BRT routes in the Metro service area.

Corridor Upgrades

Metro also identified the Glenway and Montgomery Road corridors for upgrades, with the Montgomery Road corridor enhancements positively impacting the Metro*Plus limited stop service (launched in 2014). The Metro*Plus service runs along Montgomery Road, connecting both Uptown and Downtown with the Kenwood area with stops about a half mile to one mile apart. The route cut travel times and helped to relieve crowding on the local Route 4 by offering a faster alternative for many existing Route 4 riders.

On Demand Mobility – MetroNow

Another service created from the Reinventing Metro Plan was MetroNow, an initiative to provide regional transit access to neighborhoods historically lacking public transportation. This mobility on demand service uses smaller vehicles to transport riders to destinations within two initial zones (neighborhoods): Northgate/Mt. Healthy (launched July 2023) and Springdale/Sharonville (launched May 2023). Once completed, the program will be a total of six zones: Blue Ash/Evendale, Monfort Heights/Finneytown, Northgate/Mt. Healthy, Pleasant Run North, Springdale/Sharonville, and Bond Hill/Roselawn. Passengers have the option to either request “Less Waiting” or corner-to-corner service, which is the faster option, and “Less Walking,” which is curb-to-curb service. To book a ride customers must use the MetroNow! On Demand app. Each ride is $2, and the service runs weekdays between 6 a.m. and 8 p.m. and weekends between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m.

Major Bus Hubs and Transit Centers

Major bus hubs have the potential to incorporate retail stores, restaurants or other establishments that cater to transit riders and the surrounding community. Incorporation of such amenities has the potential of enhancing surrounding commercial and residential areas and providing an economic development stimulus. Transit hubs are equipped with facilities for parking bicycles to encourage bicycle use and ease automobile parking requirements. These parking facilities should include bike lockers and covered bike racks suitable for securing the frame of the bike. Metro also works with local and regional planners to connect bike facilities and paths to bus service to make biking to the bus stop safer and more efficient.

Transit Coordination

Metro, the Transit Authority of Northern Kentucky (TANK), and BCRTA continue to engage in an inter-local agreement to allow close coordination of the three transit systems. SORTA continues to work cooperatively with other area transit systems to form a comprehensive transit network. The network encompasses four Ohio counties, three Northern Kentucky counties and Southeast Indiana. As part of the coordinated effort Metro, TANK, and BCRTA offer shared fare media through the Transit app and EZfare with Metro and TANK offering a 30-day rolling pass, one-day pass, and transfers between the systems.

Agreements with local universities have allowed Metro to provide discount bus fares for qualifying people. Metro offers the University Discount Program to UC students and staff and Cincinnati State students, offering rides for $1 through the EZfare app. The schools subsidize these programs.

Uptown Smart Center

The project is a multi-modal transportation facility which would be a Metro fixed route bus hub with restrooms, bike share, and real-time schedule information. It will also contain a shuttle hub with shuttles that serve educational facilities, numerous hospitals and satellite offices, entertainment venues, etc. These shuttles would provide a “one seat ride” from transit to destination in the Uptown area (and other locations).

The location will be on Whittier Street just east of Reading Road, adjacent to I-71. This location is especially suited for a multi-modal hub since it has direct access to Interstate 71 and there are multiple Metro routes that pass through the nearby area, along with the upcoming Reading Road Corridor service enhancements. This complements the many new development opportunities because of the construction of the new I-71 and MLK interchange. The City of Cincinnati was awarded CMAQ funds for FY2023 in September 2017.

Transit Authority of Northern Kentucky

The Transit Authority of Northern Kentucky (TANK) provides public transit service in Boone, Campbell and Kenton counties as well as downtown Cincinnati. In 2021 TANK carried over 1.4 million passengers and operated more than 3.4 million revenue miles.

TANK receives funding from the three Northern Kentucky counties. Demand for transit services has grown with the growth in employment options, particularly south of I-275. TANK has incorporated processes to pilot new services to meet growing demands, while testing the service for long-term viability prior to incorporation into the service on a permanent basis.

TANK’s fixed route bus operation consists of 95 fixed route buses, all lift and bicycle rack equipped, operating 20 routes of local and express service, two airport shuttle routes, the Southbank Shuttle Trolley, and 15 school routes. TANK operates seven days a week with 57 vehicles in service during morning rush and 54 vehicles operating during evening rush hours alone. Fares for local service are currently $1.50 for adults, $1 for students and 75 cents for senior citizens and the physically disabled. The Southbank Shuttle Trolley, TANK’s riverfront circulator route in downtown Cincinnati, Covington and Newport, also has a fare of $1. TANK’s express routes operate on the interstate highway system and have a fare of $1.50.

TANK has a total of 11 Park & Ride locations located throughout Northern Kentucky. TANK eliminated six Park & Ride locations after the service redesigns were implemented. In 2017, significant renovations were made to the Covington Transit Center, TANK’s main transfer facility in downtown Covington.

Paratransit: TANK also operates RAMP—a door-to-door demand response transportation service for people who cannot use the regular fixed route service. The fare for ADA RAMP service in Zone 1 is $2.50 per trip and $5.00 in Zone 2. Reservations for the service must be made in advance.

TANK and Northern Kentucky University (NKU) have partnered to establish the U-Pass Program which began July 1, 2007. U-Pass provides free transportation on all TANK routes for NKU students, faculty and staff and was expanded to also serve students at Gateway Community and Technical College and Thomas More University. Unlimited rides are available on all TANK routes. The programs are funded by NKU and Gateway Community and Technical College as a student benefit.

In May 2019, TANK began its System Redesign planning process that would dramatically alter the current route network and schedules. Anticipated to be the largest change since TANK’s inception as a public agency in 1972, the System Redesign was a bold response to 7-year trends in ridership decline and regional demographic shifts. The goals of the plan were to maximize ridership based on existing funds, increase access, improve travel time to jobs, and create a more financially sustainable future for TANK. Research has shown that improving bus frequency and span in high-density corridors is a productive strategy to maximize ridership. Rather than providing a lot of regional coverage (and therefore limited service), transit agencies are better off concentrating resources where the most people live. This is the direction TANK took based on feedback from its funding partners. The final plan was completed in May 2020.

Warren County Transit System

The Warren County Transit System (WCTS) was established by Warren County in August 1980. Currently WCTS operates 19 light transit lift-equipped vehicles. WCTS provides demand response public transportation service to all of Warren County and several stops in Butler County, including Middletown Shopping Center and Miami University, and Dayton. A flex route runs throughout the City of Lebanon.

The fare for WCTS is $3 for a one-way trip. Discounted rates are available to elderly and physically disabled passengers at $1.50. Hours of operation are Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 6:30 p.m., excluding certain holidays.

Cincinnati Streetcar

The Cincinnati streetcar travels on a 3.6-mile loop connecting major employment centers, arts, entertainment, and businesses between The Banks, downtown, and Over-the-Rhine. There are 18 stations along the route, featuring covered shelters and steel benches. All stations have real-time next streetcar arrival screens.

The streetcar is free to ride and operates Monday through Friday between 7:30 a.m. and 11:30 p.m., Saturday between 8:30 a.m. and 11:30 p.m., and Sunday between 9:30 a.m. and 9:30 p.m.

Since 2018, ridership has increased 17.4 percent, to more than 550,000 passengers in 2021.

streetcar stops in downtown Cincinnati

Existing Long Distance Passenger Rail Service

Amtrak currently operates the Cardinal Line linking New York City to Chicago with a stop in Cincinnati at Union Terminal. There are three eastbound trips from Cincinnati to New York, one each on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday at 3:29 a.m., and three westbound trips to Chicago, one each on Monday, Thursday and Saturday at 1:10 a.m. A one-way trip to Chicago costs $66 and a one-way trip to New York costs $108.

Future Streetcar Vision


Currently, no streetcar extensions are recommended as a part of the fiscally constrained portion of this plan. Future expansion of the streetcar network is included in this plan as part of the Future Streetcar Vision, below.

Cincinnati Streetcar Segments

The Cincinnati Streetcar is intended to serve as a circulator to link future rail and bus routes.

Phase 1: Northern Kentucky Streetcar extension from Downtown Cincinnati to Newport.

Phase 1B: Uptown Connector (Over-The-Rhine to University of Cincinnati/Vine to Corry streets)

Phase 2: Uptown Circulator (Multiple alignments being considered. All alignments extend roughly from Corry Street to Erkenbrecher Avenue)

Phase 3: East – West Connector (Cincinnati Museum Center to Broadway/Hard Rock Casino)

Future Long Distance Passenger Rail

The state of Ohio and the Ohio Rail Development Commission (ORDC) have applied for funding through a new federal initiative, the Corridor Identification and Development Program, which is part of the $66 billion in additional money for Amtrak rail service included in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, passed in 2021. The initial grant would be for a total of $1 million, of which $500,000 would go toward a study to determine the feasibility of expanding Amtrak service linking Cincinnati, Dayton, Columbus, and Cleveland, dubbed the 3C + D route. The study will look at what track improvements need to be made and how much they’ll cost, along with developing estimates of passenger demand.

Amtrak’s preliminary proposal for the 3C + D Corridor would include three daily roundtrips between Cincinnati and Cleveland with stops in Hamilton, Dayton, Springfield, Columbus, Delaware, Crestline, Elyria, and Cleveland Hopkins Airport, before ending in downtown Cleveland. Initial estimates for travel time between Cleveland and Cincinnati are between five and seven hours.

proposed passenger rail lines

Amtrak is also proposing to expand the Cardinal Line from one trip three days per week to a daily service, with increased speeds to reduce travel times. The increased speeds would reduce the more than eight-hour trip by almost one hour. This proposed expansion would be funded from a separate application submitted by Amtrak that totals $716 million in Federal Administration Funding for 16 projects around the country, including the Cardinal.

Transit and Congestion Management

In 2021, more than 12 million passenger trips in the region were with public transit vehicles. That’s 6.4 transit trips per capita. Nearly all of the transit trips occur on the Congestion Management Network; therefore, highway congestion directly impacts transit travel. Increasing transit ridership helps reduce demand for the highway system.

The OKI travel demand model estimates that public transportation eliminates over 10,000 daily person trips by automobile. Additional public transportation improvements may be used as mitigation strategies to address roadway congestion by eliminating additional automobile trips. The expansion of bus transit service, new or expanded park and ride facilities, adding transit signal priority, bus-rapid-transit and reserved bus travel lanes or expanded bus-on-shoulder are all possible strategies. The expansion of transit traveler information systems would also make transit more attractive for users. More information on congestion management strategies can be found in the 2020 OKI Congestion Management Process (CMP) Report.

Transit Technologies and Mobility as a Service

Technology influences where and how we work, live, shop and relax, as well as how we communicate with one another. This section explores the emerging technologies in the realm of mass transit as they are most likely to affect and influence surface transportation infrastructure recommendations to the year 2050.

While fixed public transit routes remain critical for the near future, innovative services are utilizing technology to increase the flexibility and convenience of on-demand travel. Mobility (or Transportation) as a Service (MaaS or TaaS) is the delivery, through an integrated digital platform and across all available modes of transport, of seamless, infinitely adaptable, personal mobility services. MaaS through Transportation Network Companies (TNCs), such as Uber and Lyft, has the potential to supplement existing fixed bus routes. In some cases, MaaS occurs through public/private partnerships to provide on demand, dynamic micro transit service. MaaS can also apply to carsharing services, bikesharing, e-scooters, streetcar, taxis, parking facilities, fuel/energy sources, etc.

At the heart of MaaS is its change in thinking from personal vehicle ownership to the shared use of service providers for transportation via personal mobile devices. MaaS combined with Shared, Autonomous/Electric Vehicle technology (SA/EV), was studied by OKI as part of the development of this 2050 Plan Update. Analysis determined that until Shared SA/EV usage becomes a significant percent of daily trips, OKI’s goal for transit technology application should be to increase transit productivity, efficiency, and accessibility; mitigating congestion in an integrated transportation environment; and providing travelers with better transportation information and transit services through numerous strategies. General transit technology applications are highlighted below and were considered when updating this plan.

parked scooters
parked rental bikes

Smart Mobility Hubs

Mobility Hubs are transportation centers located at major transit stations that can provide an integrated suite of mobility options, amenities, and urban design enhancements that bridge the distance between transit and an individual’s origin or destination. They can include, but are not limited to, bikeshare, carshare, neighborhood, shared electric vehicles, bikesharing and bike parking and support services, dynamic parking strategies, real-time traveler information, way finding, real-time ridesharing and improved bicycle and pedestrian connectivity.

Smart Mobility Corridors

There remains a critical role for traditional mass transit agencies along key regional transportation corridors. Through partnerships with MaaS for first/last mile trips, regional public transit agencies can focus service on high-volume corridors that are linked by a network of Smart Mobility Hubs that link high concentrations of population and employment. It will become important for these corridors to be equipped with interconnected and adaptive traffic signals that can react to transit vehicles, providing preemption and ensuring reliable travel times. OKI has laid the groundwork for such corridors through its project management of the Kenton County (2014) and Boone County (2017) transportation plans and the incorporation of Enhanced Transit Corridor recommendations along US 25/Dixie Highway and Madison Avenue/KY 17. A similar approach must be applied in Ohio to critical corridors that have been targeted for future bus rapid transit service.

Integrated On Demand MaaS and Microtransit

In an optimized system, MaaS and microtransit would address the first/last mile problem and help sustain high frequency transit routes along major corridors. Pilot projects with rideshare companies such as Uber and Lyft have been deployed across the United States, with more being funded all the time. So far, these projects have had mixed results, but the future looks promising. On its own, the scooter industry has impacted mobility in the urban core. Some of these trips are first or last mile while others are the” only” mile. The map below shows where the highest demand is for e-scooters, based on data that OKI has obtained through a partnership with Bird Scooter.

E-Scooter Origin and Destination maps 

scooter orgins

Source: Bird Rides, Inc, July – December 2019, Scooter origin/destination data. 

scooter destinations

Safety Measures

As SA/EVs enter our roadway network, safety for transit riders and pedestrians is a critical regional goal. The highest rate of pedestrian/vehicle crashes occur around transit stops and more densely populated areas such as central business districts and downtowns. Transit/pedestrian collision warning systems use GPS signals and onboard gyroscopes and accelerometers that can be integrated to analyze the bus motion during turning. These sensors together with various sensor technologies such as laser detectors, sound detectors, and conventional cameras, should be considered in OKI-funded projects to provide better detection and distance estimation of nearby pedestrians.

OKI RideShare and Vanpool Programs

For many years OKI has been helping people connect to share rides. RideShare is a free service that helps commuters find others to share a ride with. OKI’s RideShare program is a great way to cut commuting costs. RideShare contracts with a vanpool provider for larger groups and provides a monthly subsidy to cover the cost of the comfortable, fully equipped van. Riders or their employers share the rest of the monthly fee that covers the use of the van.


The public transit improvements discussed in this chapter could have a beneficial effect on creating transit connections and fulfilling unmet needs. Just as with all transportation modes, funding will continue to be a challenge when implementing public transit improvements. To develop its potential, transit service requires the support of new investments. In addition, it is recommended that incentives and policies be created to encourage people to travel by public transportation and foster transit-friendly land use. The effectiveness of transit services is closely related to existing and future land use patterns. This plan continues to work to bring together the issues of land use and transportation planning for the OKI region.

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